My philosophy of professional practice has evolved over 35 years of experience built on a foundation of training as a clinical psychologist. Being helpful requires empathy as well as objectivity, knowledge and expertise. All are necessary, no one in itself is sufficient. I  practice from the point of view that every person i
s unique.  I strive to work with a whole person and not a symptom and recognize that conflicting desires are part of human life. I  believe that individuals belong to larger systems - families, groups and organizations – which can  have a huge influence  on problems and solutions.

I work from a conviction that people are always doing their best but may become stuck in patterns that have outgrown their original usefulness. Complexity is more the rule than the exception. Depending on the person, therapy can be open ended, providing a unique opportunity for personal development or it can be narrowly focused on a specific problem, symptom or issue in a relationship. There are situations in which couples or family sessions make much more sense than individual therapy. I also believe that a therapist should be flexible, ready to use or suggest a combination of approaches but always be supportive and collaborative.  The opportunity for expression is crucial as is the therapist’s active listening. Finally,  I am convinced, both by my experience and also the most up to date research, that beyond any technique, intervention, advice or interpretation,  the relationship, at many levels, is the key factor in all therapy.